Beschreibung von Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek, Cod. 45

Bibliographische Beschreibung

10c (c.973-996)
i(paper) + 184 + i(paper)
340 mm x 250 mm
Persistenter Identifier
urn:nbn:de:hbz:kn28-3-15213 Persistent Identifier (URN)
Weitere Angaben
Köln, Dombibliothek Hs. 45
HMML Microfilm-No.: 35,072

Zustand und Zusammensetzung

Many pages partly torn or excised (minor loss to text, modern mending), first folia badly damaged.
[1], i8-1 (lacks one at front), ii8, iii10-2 (lacks original 1st and 5th, stub of last is wrapped back around quire ii, appearing between ff. 7-8), iv4, v8-1 (lacks original 1st, stub of last is wrapped back aroung quire iv, appearing between ff. 33-34), vi-xi8, xii6, xiii-xviii8, xix8-1+1 (original 6th leaf lost, present 6th is smaller single leaf [142] with text supplied in 12c hand; 5th leaf [141] also has lower inside corner torn out, with loss to text), xx-xxiv8 (paper pasted to entire verso of last leaf to stabilize damage [145v]), [1]. No quire signatures.Quires i, ii, and iii-iv are separate units of production, but seem to be intended to be parts of same book, with the possible exception of quire i (Officia per ferias), which is in a darker ink by a different scribe, but has the same type of orange-red ink for rubrication.
Written space: 300 mm x 213 mm ( 105 mm for inner column (text), outer column 87 mm (commentary), 21 mm between columns), except ff. 8-15 (calendar, quire ii), which is ruled as 300 mm x 220 mm Lines per page: quire i: 27; quire ii: 27 ruled, 25 written (calendar); quires iii-iv: 25 ruled, but on ff. 16ra-17vb only 23 are written (prefaces); quire v to end of codex: 23 lines for Psalm text in inner column; for gloss, 3-5 lines above and 6 lines below text ruled as long lines, plus 36-37 lines in outer column. 2 columns, except calendar ff. 8r-15v (see ruling below). Dry-point ruling, double bounding lines, with three lines between columns, except for calendar ff. 8r-15v (quire ii), which has 3 sets of 3 bounding lines, i.e. at left, center, and right side of each leaf prickings at outer bounding line, except near center of page (approximately at inner bounding line of outer column) in quire ii (ff. 8-15), and in both these locations in quires i and iii-iv (ff. 1-7, 16-27). text above top line

Schrift und Hände

10c littera carolina. 1 main hand; ff. 1r-7v by another hand.


  • 10- to 14-line decorated initials (pen-drawn interlace in red);
  • 2- to 5-line initials and minor initials rubricated;
  • tituli in red uncials with square-capital A;
  • first phrases usually in rustic capitals (or mixed majuscules);
  • gloss on titulus in red minuscules;
  • rubrication in quires i-iv in minuscules and rustic capitals, except in square capitals and uncials filled with purple and green f. 1r.


Occasional marginalia; two added passages with neums; a few small pen sketches of animal and human heads (added later); formal gloss on Psalter (for arrangement, see ruling above).

Geschichte der Handschrift

Calendar and Litany show the ms. to be for the use of Cologne (see Plotzek, op. cit.). A. von Euw (Ornamenta Ecclesiae 1, p. 437) would have the origin of this ms. be St. Gall, with the exception of the Litany (ff. 182v-184r) which he says could have been written at Köln; Hoffmann (loc. cit.) places the origin of the whole ms. at Köln, between the years 993-996. R. Kottje, loc. cit., also argues for the origin at Köln, citing similarities of the script to that of Köln, Dombibl. Mss. 53 and 143 (written at Köln, late 10c), as well as the "weitgehende Übereinstimmung" between the script of the main part of the ms. and that of the litany. Otto III is referred to on f. 184r as King Otto, thus the date must be before his crowning as emperor in 996 (Hoffmann loc. cit. and Kottje p. 161 note 37). The entry of St. Ulrich , in the Calendar by the main scribe (f. 11v), gives the ms. its terminus post quem: Ulrich, bishop of Augsburg, died in 973 , was venerated soon after as a saint, and was officially recognized by Pope John XV in 993 (Hoffmann and Kottje, locc. citt.). Hence the postulation by Kottje (p. 160), that the ms. was copied in Köln from an examplar of Southern Germany.


  • Vorderseite "Biblioth. Eccl. Metrop. Colon. / Jaffé, codex 45./ continet folia 184 / Saec. X./ Psalmi et Preces etc." ( 19c title; also library stamp).
  • FEL Blank.
  • 1ra-7va Autor: Alcuin (compiler, c.735-804) Titel: Officia per Ferias Rubrizierung: In nomine sanctae trinitatis incipit prefatio orationis. Incipit: Beatus [sicut] Dauid rex magnus et seruus dei Explicit: ignem sanctissimi ac suauissimi amoris tui. (Ed)
  • PL 101, 509-549, 1399, 1409-1410.
  • De Bruyne , Préfaces, p. 103 (introduction).
  • After introduction, text begins with penitential Psalms ( PL 101, 526-532) and continues in different order from PL edition, with additional material. Psalms in mnemonic form. F. 1r badly damaged, titulus and incipit very hard to read in manuscript, mostly illegible on film.
  • 8r-15v (2) Titel: Calendarium . Probably calendar of Köln, possibly of St. Gall; see Plotzek, op. cit.
  • 16ra-27ra Autor: Jerome , Cassiodorus, Isidore, and anonymous. Titel: Prefaces to the Psalms . Stegmüller nrs. 430, 414, 369; Walther nr. 7866, nr. 14,885 (=Stegmüller nr. 419); Stegmüller nr. 408; Schaller-Könsgen nr. 7218 (=Stegmüller nr. 386); Stegmüller nrs. 382, 11,596 (Est igitur alleluia , Gloria est ); 7486 (Asteriscus apponitur ); 5 notes on obelus, limnicus, psalterus, and diapsalma, not in Stegmüller (cf. nrs. 5306, 5033); Stegmüller nrs. 426, 435, 384, 398, 418 (cap. I-IV: [inc.] Prophetia est aspiratio [expl.] modulatione musicas exprimentes), 406, and 5193. Ff. 27rb-vb blank.
  • 28r-167v (4) Titel: Psalterium (Latin vulgate, non feriatim).
  • 28r-167v Autor: Anonymous . Titel: Commentary on the Psalms . Incipit: Tria hominum generalia peccata propheta describens id est cogitationis. operis. ac doctrinae Explicit: aptissimo librum fine conclusit. omnes inquit spiritus laudet dominum. Amen. Commentary surrounds text above, below and in outer column (see ruling above); not in Stegmüller.
  • 168r-184r (6) Titel: Psalterium: addenda - Psalm 151, canticles, Magnificat, Nunc dimittis, Te deum, Quicumque uult, Pater noster, Credo, litany. Loss to text from damage in lower outer corners ff. 180-184. Commentaries (items 7, 8, and 9 below) are arranged in margins around main texts.
  • 173r In margin, neumed antiphon added 10/11c: Incipit: Videte videte quoniam ego sum et non est alius deus Explicit: faciam percuciam et ego sanabo.
  • 179v-181v (7) Titel: Commentary on Quicumque vult . Incipit: Quicumque vult Quicumque dicit quia non Deus personarum acceptor Explicit: laetaturos [corr. ex. "-us"] coniungis // [expl. mut.]. (Ed)
  • Cf. Florilegium Casinense I (Monte Cassino 1873), pp. 230-233 line 39 (Ms. 30).
  • This and following commentaries are arranged around text as for Psalms.
  • 182r (8) Titel: Commentary on the Lord's Prayer . Incipit: Pater noster Patrem inuocamus Deum in celis quia omnes ab uno Deo omnipotente creati s[umu]s. Haec quippe libertatis uox est Explicit: nobis conferre dignetur Iesus Christus dominus noster qui uiuit et regnat cum Deo patre et spiritu sancto. Compare Virtues and Vices, "Pater Noster Incipits" nrs. 8861, 8364, and 8247; and Stegmüller nrs. 9351-9353.
  • 182v-183r (9) Titel: Commentary on the Apostles' Creed . Incipit: Credo in Deum Patrem omnipotentem creatorem caeli et terrae. Omnipotens Deus dicitur quia sua potentia ipse creauit omnia bona Explicit: semper perpetua felicitas. amen. (Ed)
  • A.E. Burn, "Neue Texte zur Geschichte des apostolischen Symbols", Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 21 (1901), pp. 129-132.
  • (Omss) See Burn, ed. cit. p. 128.
  • 184v-REL-RPD Blank ( 184v covered with paper from modern mending and binding, 18c).


  • Hartzheim, pp. 27-28.
  • Jaffé-Wattenbach, pp. 14-15, 106-109.
  • DACL 3.2:2188 and 2193.
  • H. Hoffmann, Buchkunst und Königtum 1, p. 466.
  • R. Kottje, "Schreibstätten und Bibliotheken in Köln Ende des 10. Jahrhunderts", Kaiserin Theophanu. Begegnung des Ostens und Westens um die Wende des ersten Jahrtausends 1 (Köln 1991), pp. 153-163, this ms. pp. 155-163.
  • A. von Euw, Ornamenta Ecclesiae 1, pp. 434 sqq..
  • J.M. Plotzek, "Zur Initialmalerei des 10. Jahrhunderts in Trier und Köln", Aachener Kunstblätter 44 (1973), pp. 110-115.
  • G. Zilliken, "Der Kölner Festkalendar," Bonner Jahrbuch 119 (1910), p. 29.


  • The Medieval Manuscripts of the Cologne Cathedral Library. Volume I, MSS. 1-100. By Diane Warne Anderson and Jonathan Black, edited by Diane Warne Anderson. [Digitaler Volltext]
Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek Köln
Im Rahmen des DFG-Projekts CEEC bearbeitet von Patrick Sahle; Torsten Schaßan (2000-2004)
Bearbeitung im Rahmen des Projekts Migration der CEEC-Altdaten von Marcus Stark; Siegfried Schmidt; Harald Horst; Stefan Spengler; Patrick Dinger; Torsten Schaßan (2017-2019)

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Diese Beschreibung und alle Metadaten sind unter der Lizenz CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 veröffentlicht