Beschreibung von Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek, Cod. 63
Zustand und Zusammensetzung
Schrift und Hände
littera carolina, "nun's minuscule". Named scribes: Girbalda, Gislildis, Agleberta, nuns of Chelles. [Another ms. written by some of the same scribes as Köln 63, 65 and 67 was pointed out to Bischoff by Wilhelm Köhler (Bischoff, loc, cit. below, p. 20), namely Berlin, Phillips 1657 (from St. Vinzenz, Metz?). Five signatures can be read in whole or in part in that ms., although they are erased. The names are Gisledrudis (f. 28v), Girbalda (65v), Gislildis (102v), -drudis (128v), Adruhic (161v). The Berlin ms. is the final volume of another series of the same text on the Psalms by Augustine, in an abridged version.] Three hands:
- 3- to 6-line pen-decorated initials (brown outline re-stroked with red, filled with bands of colors: red, violet, green, gray or tan), or simple initials;
- tituli and pericopes in red uncials, the so-called "N-uncial" (see CLA 6, pp. xxi-xxii);
- f. 2v pericopes also in brown uncials touched with color;
- incidental initials often stroked with red.
- See discussion of the decoration in this and related mss. in Bischoff, op. cit. below, esp. pp. 24-25.
HinzufügungenOccasional marginal corrections.
Geschichte der Handschrift
First codex of set of three (with Hss. 65, 67, and Vordere_Innenseite in Hs. 97) written by nuns, who Bischoff (loc. cit.) showed were most probably working at the convent Chelles, near Paris; written for Abp. Hildebald of Köln ; previously assumed by Jones, opp. citt., to be written in Köln, on the basis of the Hildebaldan ex libris; as E.A. Lowe stated, "It is quite clear that the nuns who wrote these books did not belong to the school of Cologne . The scriptorium must, of course have been a convent of importance" ( CLA 6, p. xxii). Two other copies of this text of Augustine were written at the same scriptorium in the same time period (see scribal colophon above and Omss for text below).
Bischoff's arguments in favor of Chelles as the home of Köln, Dombibl. Hss. 63 + 65 + 67 is worth summarizing here: These mss. are part of a group of mss. which E.H. Zimmermann (locc. citt.) had already identified as the "nordostfränkische" group (lists of mss. in CLA VI, p. xxii, and Bischoff, op. cit. p. 21). The Gelasian Sacramentary is the most famous item in the group, which includes mss. written in "N-uncial" and in "b-minuscule", as well as in the "nuns' minuscule", so named from these Köln mss. Chelles seems the most likely candidate for the home of this Northeast French scriptorium. Since its foundation in the middle of the 7c by Balthild, the Anglo-Saxon queen of Clovis II , Chelles' regal connections continued, reflected in its name 'la royale'; and Anglo-Saxon influences are reflected in the decoration of this group of manuscripts [see also McKitterick, op. cit. on further Anglo-Saxon connections]. The abbess of Chelles during the period when the Köln mss. were produced was Gisela, sister of Charlemagne , and her neice Rodtrud also was at the abbey. Letters written between these two women and Alcuin show that the royal ladies were avid readers of spiritual books, that Alcuin himself sent them books, and that books were copied at Chelles; and Alcuin's correspondence to other women does not include such book-related topics (see Bischoff, op. cit. p. 27). The abbey's ties to the royal court provide an obvious connection with Hildebald, who was Charlemagne's court chaplain . The lack of a carolingian list of names for the nuns at Chelles, plus the disappearance of all traces of their library, has conspired to obscure what must have been a very active scriptorium, with a wide area of dissemination for its books (op. cit., pp. 29-30).
Recent discovery of Chelles relic labels which include handwriting in the same script as these Cologne mss. has confirmed Bishoff's hypothesis (see Atsma and Vezin, op. cit. above, and D. Ganz and ******). On Chelles and other nuns' scriptoria, see McKitterick, op. cit.
- Vorderseite Jaffé, codex 63./ continet folia 264 / saec. IX./ S. Augustini enarrationes / in psalmos 1-50 (19c title, very faded, partly worn off).
- FPD-FEL Blank (former FPD, as recorded on microfilm, had 19c foliation note: "Habet folia 264"; and readers' register).
- 1r-v R: Codex sancti petri sub pio patre hildebaldo scriptus (bis, in square capitals, and in minuscules written between the capitals no doubt as a pen trial, both 8/9c or 9c); "67" (earlier shelf mark). V: Blank, pasted over with modern paper and this paper attached to FEL, as part of recent restoration.
- 2r-264r Autor: Augustine (354-430) Titel: Enarrationes in Psalmos 1-50 Rubrizierung: (2r) In hoc corpore continetur tractatus avgvstini super quinquaginta psalmos priores. Incipit: (2v) Beatus vir (Ps.1:1). De domino nostro Iesu Christo, id est homine dominico, accipiendum est Explicit: imple personam tuam. Deus de illo exigit suam. Kolophon: [Exp]licit .L. (page torn). (Ed)
- PL 36:67-599.
- CCSL 38, pp. 1-616.
- see also Stegmüller nr. 1463.
- see also Clavis, nr. 283. (Omss)
- Köln, Dombibl. 64-67, 97;
- Köln, Histor. Archiv, GB Fragm., Kasten B Nr. 155 (fragment of one leaf, in same script as this ms.; see Bischoff, op. cit. p. 21);
- Berlin, Phillips 1657 (abridged version of text, but written by some of the same scribes; see Bischoff, op. cit. p. 20); see also A. Wilmart, "Les Enarrations," Miscellanea Agostiniana II (Rome, 1931), pp. 295-315, and CCSL 38, pp. vi sqq. Some loss to text in inner margin of f. 264r from damage to page, lower margin covered with modern paper.
- 264v Domine saluum me fac et salmos nos (!) (9c pen trial); two other pen trials partially illegible.
- REL-RPD Blank.
- Hartzheim, p. 34.
- Jaffé-Wattenbach, p. 21.
- H. Atsma and J. Vezin, Chartae Latinae Antiquiores 18 (Lausanne 1985), nr. 669, pp. 84-108.
- Bischoff, "Die Kölner Nonnenhandschriften und das Skriptorium von Chelles", Studien I, pp. 16-34.
- CLA 8.1152,
- and CLA 6, p. xxii.
- Decker, Manuskriptensammlung, p. 233, nr. 28.
- L.W. Jones, The Script of Cologne , pp. 53-55, nr. 15.
- L.W. Jones, "Cologne MS. 106 ", Speculum 4 (1929), pp. 52-4, 59-60.
- Karl der Grosse, Katalog, nr. 369.
- W.M. Lindsay, Notae Latinae (Cambridge, Engl., 1915), passim.
- R. McKitterick, "Nun's Scriptoria in England and Francia in the Eighth Century", Francia 19 (1992), pp. 1-35, especially pp. 1-4 (repr. in Books, Scribes and Learning in the Frankish Kingdoms, 6th-9th Centuries [Aldershot, Hampshire, and Brookfield, Vermont, 1994], section VII).
- U. Ziegler, "Das Sacramentarium Gelasianum Bibl. Vat. Reg. lat. 316 und die Schule von Chelles," Archiv für Geschichte des Buchwesens 16 (1976), col. 1-142, companion ms. 67 discussed col. 34-100 passim.
- E.H. Zimmermann, Vorkarolingische Miniaturen (Berlin 1916), text pp. 13, 78, 84, 219-220 (and Taf. 141 from Hs. 67).
- The Medieval Manuscripts of the Cologne Cathedral Library. Volume I, MSS. 1-100. By Diane Warne Anderson and Jonathan Black, edited by Diane Warne Anderson.